Leadership style is described as the way a person uses power to lead other people. Not all leaders can work well with having many followers. Some don’t have the character to assume responsibility. Each situation is solved with a specific style of leadership. Leaders should handle the problem even without consulting his/ her followers.
There are different leadership styles. These may apply to certain people who are leaders of companies and organizations. But not of all of these styles may fit in a specific situation. Choose which of the 12 leadership styles applicable for you:
This leadership style focuses on the boss/ leader. In an Autocratic leadership, the leader is in control of the entire authority and responsibility. Autocratic leaders plan their decisions without consulting their followers. After making the decisions, they can pass it to their followers and expect a quick implementation. Working in an autocratic environment offers less or no flexibility.
This style of leadership includes rules, procedures, and protocols from the autocratic leader. Studies have shown that there are only a few situations that support autocratic style of leadership.
Examples of leaders that are using this style are Albert J. Dunlap (Sunbeam Corporation), Donald Trump (Trump Organization), US Gen. George C. Patton and John D. Rockefeller (Standard Oil founder).
This leadership style includes the followers in decision making. The leader is taking contributions from the followers, as oppose to the autocratic style. A democratic leader still has the final responsibility, but he/ she have the authority to give the task to other people.
Communication is active from top to bottom in this kind of leadership style. Democratic leadership allows fairness, proficiency, creativity, courage, intelligence and honesty. Statistics have shown that it is one of the most preferred styles of leadership.
Good instances of leaders who practice Democratic leadership style are John F. Kennedy and Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Transformational leadership oversees that change is brought in groups, organization, oneself and others. This style needs leaders that encourage his/ her followers to do more than they used to and most of the time, to do more than they thought possible. Transformational leaders set more stimulating expectations and high-achieving performance.
This style produces more committed and satisfied followers. The reason is transformational leaders’ power to their followers.
Nelson Mandela, the former president of South Africa is one of the best examples of Transformational leadership. The list of those who practice Transformational leader also includes Henry Ford, Steve Jobs and David Ogilvy.
This style contains a leader that heads the organization. A strategic leader is not only limited to the head, but it includes others in the different levels of an organization. It is applicable for a large group whose goal is to achieve higher performance.
Strategic leadership bridges the need for new possibility and the need of practicality by having a prescribe set of protocols. The effectiveness of the strategic leadership style is determined if it delivers the goals of the organization. This leadership style requires strategic thinking.
Strategic leadership was practiced by Robert Milton (President and CEO of Air Canada.) The late Steven J. Ross, the former chairman and CEO of Time Warner also abide by this style of leadership.
It includes producing a vision of the future, where it goes and what it stands for. Team leadership produces the vision where it inspires and gives its followers a clear direction and purpose. It is about working with the hearts and minds of the members of the group. It also tells us that teamwork doesn’t automatically mean trust among the group. It is challenging because this style of leadership does not guarantee success. A study from the Harvard Business Review says team leadership may fail because of poor leadership qualities.
Leaders who are proven to be good at team leadership are Jack Dorsey (Twitter founder) German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and Carolyn Creswell (Carman’s Fine Foods founder).
Cross-Cultural leadership is usually found in situations or organizations where different cultures in society are involved. A globalized market is also a place for this style of leadership. This is where people from the different type of cultures are working there as front runners.
International organizations need leaders who are effective in adjusting their style to work in different environments; this is where Cross-Cultural leadership comes in. A lot of leaders in the United States are considered to be Cross-Cultural leaders since there are different culture can be found with the people who live and work there.
There are many successful leaders who practice Cross-cultural leadership, such as Ajay Banga (MasterCard CEO), Andre Jung, the first female of Avon and of course Carlos Ghosn of Nissan Motor Company.
This style of leadership is too reliant on outcomes and measurements, but not skills. The efficiency of the process is related to the effectiveness of the group. A facilitative leader uses the process less if the group is highly functioning.
But if the group is not functioning well, the leader will have more roles on the group to run the process. Facilitative leadership requires observing the group dynamics, offers suggestions and intervenes to the group to stay on track, this also measures the effectiveness of the style.
Alfred Sloan who worked with GM and made it into one of the world’s largest corporations and Google CEO Larry Page are models of Facilitative leadership. Also include are Mark Parker, the CEO of Nike and Yelp CEO Jeremy Stoppelman.
Transactional leadership upholds the status quo. This style also has an exchange process where followers are rewarded for achieving the leader’s task. It is basic and focuses on the exchange process. Transactional leaders are also clear and focus on expectations, gives feedbacks. They are also expecting of the follower’s performance, states how to meet those expectations and prepares rewards when the task are meet.
A transactional leader maintains the routine by overseeing individual performance and facilitates group performance. The style also highlights both positive and negative reinforcements. The self-interest of individuals is also appealed by transactional leadership.
Historical figure, Charles de Gaulle practiced Transactional leadership. Senator Joseph McCarthy, who was a famed anti-communist during the Cold War, was an avid user of this style.
A leadership style that gives power to the followers, this is Laissez-faire leadership. Each department and subordinates are allowed to work with minimal interference from the leaders. This kind of leadership is least satisfying and least effective in managing an organization.
Laissez-faire is effective if the members of the group are highly motivated and capable of working with least supervision. It offers autonomy to the followers to help them feel the sense of satisfaction from their task. But it is not recommended to practice this if the followers do not have the knowledge and experience needed to do the task and make decisions.
Jack Welch, CEO of General Electric is one of the many leaders who adopted this style. Co-founder of Microsoft Paul Allen is also an example of a Laissez-faire leader.
It involves leaders who are training and supervising followers. Coaching leadership works by setting results and improvement. Leaders who use this style help followers enhance their skills. Coaching leaders also motivate, inspire and encourage followers.
Coaching leadership emphasizes on defining and assigning the roles of the followers, but it accepts suggestions and feedback from them too. A coaching leader directs and guides to create a positive workplace. They have a good grasp on the goal and overall plan of the organization.
People who are masters of Coaching leadership include Richard Branson (founder of Virgin), financial advisor Suze Orman and Michael Bloomberg, billionaire businessman and former mayor of New York City.
A Charismatic leader manifests his/her power in a revolution. It does not only mean change in behavior, but also the transformation of the followers’ beliefs and values. A charismatic leader transforms normative orientation that structures specific attitudes.
Charismatic leaders are highly skilled communicators. They are great motivators to their followers in difficult situations. Of course, they are truly confident and comfortable with whom they are. Listening skills are also found in charismatic leaders.
Winston Churchill and Martin Luther King Jr. are good examples of a leader who practice the style of Charismatic leadership.
Leaders who recognize that the methods, steps, and process are attained with and through people are visionary leaders. A lot of successful leaders are proven to be visionaries. Outstanding leaders can achieve their visions and turn them into reality.
Visionary leaders are always thinking positive about the future. They know how to focus on the different strengths of their followers. They accept change and they never settle, rather they are planning on making a better future.
Examples of famous people who practice Visionary leadership are Elon Musk (Tesla and SpaceX founder), Warren Buffett and Michael Milken.
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7 Lessons from Famous Team Leaders | Open Colleges. (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2017, from http://www.opencolleges.edu.au/careers/blog/7-lessons-famous-team-leaders
Democratic Leadership. (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2017, from http://www.money-zine.com/career-development/leadership-skill/democratic-leadership/
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What is Autocratic Leadership? How Procedures Can Improve Efficiency. (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2017, from http://online.stu.edu/autocratic-leadership/
Why Teams Don’t Work. (2015, July 15). Retrieved February 16, 2017, from https://hbr.org/2009/05/why-teams-dont-work